Selected Publications

Academic Article

Year Title Altmetric
2023 Fontan-associated liver disease after heart transplantPediatric Transplantation.  27. 2023
2023 The Fontan immunophenotype and post-transplant outcomes in children: A multi-institutional studyPediatric Transplantation2023
2022 Racial and socioeconomic disparities in pediatric heart transplant outcomes in the era of anti-thymocyte globulin inductionJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation.  41:1773-1780. 2022
2022 The Genetically Engineered Heart as a Bridge to Allotransplantation in Infants Just Around the Corner?Annals of Thoracic Surgery.  114:536-544. 2022
2022 Perinatal Outcomes of Subjects Enrolled in a Multicenter Trial with a Waiver of Antenatal ConsentAmerican Journal of Perinatology.  39:904-908. 2022
2022 Blood Biomarkers and 6- to 7-Year Childhood Outcomes Following Neonatal EncephalopathyAmerican Journal of Perinatology.  39:732-749. 2022
2022 DNA methylation in former extremely low birth weight newborns: association with cardiovascular and endocrine functionPediatric Research.  91:1469-1477. 2022
2022 The american pediatric society and society for pediatric research joint statement against racism and social injusticePediatric Research.  91:72. 2022
2021 Cost estimation alongside a multi-regional, multi-country randomized trial of antenatal ultrasound in five low-and-middle-income countriesBMC Public Health.  21. 2021
2021 Practice variation in the diagnosis of acute rejection among pediatric heart transplant centers: An analysis of the pediatric heart transplant society (PHTS) registryJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation.  40:1550-1559. 2021
2021 Growth Rates of Infants Randomized to Continuous Positive Airway Pressure or Intubation After Extremely Preterm BirthJournal of Pediatrics.  237:148-153.e3. 2021
2021 Association of haemoglobin levels in the first trimester and at 26–30 weeks with fetal and neonatal outcomes: a secondary analysis of the Global Network for Women's and Children's Health's ASPIRIN TrialBJOG: an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.  128:1487-1496. 2021
2021 Heart rate characteristics monitoring and reduction in mortality or neurodevelopmental impairment in extremely low birthweight infants with sepsisEarly Human Development.  159. 2021
2021 Late Heart Transplantation in Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome With Intact Atrial SeptumAnnals of Thoracic Surgery.  112:e135-e137. 2021
2021 Biventricular Support Using ProtekDuo Cannula in a ChildASAIO Journal.  67:E124-E126. 2021
2021 Early determination of prognosis in neonatal moderate or severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathyPediatrics.  147. 2021
2021 Examining racial and socioeconomic disparity in the pediatric heart transplant evaluationPediatric Transplantation.  25. 2021
2021 Impact of induction strategy change on first-year rejection in pediatric heart transplantation at a single center—From postoperative basiliximab to either postoperative anti-thymocyte globulin or preoperative basiliximabClinical Transplantation.  35. 2021
2021 Clinical outcomes of children receiving ABO-incompatible versus ABO-compatible heart transplantation: a multicentre cohort studyLancet Child and Adolescent Health.  5:341-349. 2021
2021 Postnatal growth of preterm infants 24 to 26 weeks of gestation and cognitive outcomes at 2 years of agePediatric Research.  89:1804-1809. 2021
2021 Early Skin-to-Skin Care with a Polyethylene Bag for Neonatal Hypothermia: A Randomized Clinical TrialJournal of Pediatrics.  231:55-60.e1. 2021
2021 Attitudes toward xenotransplantation: A survey of parents and pediatric cardiac providersPediatric Transplantation.  25. 2021
2021 Percent Body Fat Content Measured by Plethysmography in Infants Randomized to High- or Usual-Volume Feeding after Very Preterm BirthJournal of Pediatrics.  230:251-254.e3. 2021
2021 Racial differences in attitudes to clinical pig organ XenotransplantationXenotransplantation.  28. 2021
2021 Carbon dioxide and brain injury in preterm infantsJournal of Perinatology.  41:183-184. 2021
2021 NIH Workshop 2018: Towards Minimally Invasive or Noninvasive Approaches to Assess Tissue Oxygenation Pre- and Post-transfusionTransfusion Medicine Reviews.  35:46-55. 2021
2020 Higher or lower hemoglobin transfusion thresholds for preterm infantsNew England Journal of Medicine.  383:2639-2651. 2020
2020 Cesarean birth in the Global Network for Women’s and Children’s Health Research: trends in utilization, risk factors, and subgroups with high cesarean birth ratesReproductive Health.  17. 2020
2020 Development of the Global Network for Women’s and Children’s Health Research’s socioeconomic status index for use in the network’s sites in low and lower middle-income countriesReproductive Health.  17. 2020
2020 Institutional deliveries and stillbirth and neonatal mortality in the Global Network's Maternal and Newborn Health RegistryReproductive Health.  17. 2020
2020 Maternal mortality in six low and lower-middle income countries from 2010 to 2018: risk factors and trendsReproductive Health.  17. 2020
2020 Rates and risk factors for preterm birth and low birthweight in the global network sites in six low- and low middle-income countriesReproductive Health.  17. 2020
2020 Regional trends in birth weight in low- and middle-income countries 2013–2018Reproductive Health.  17. 2020
2020 Why are the Pakistani maternal, fetal and newborn outcomes so poor compared to other low and middle-income countries?Reproductive Health.  17. 2020
2020 Predictive Modeling for Perinatal Mortality in Resource-Limited SettingsJAMA Network Open.  3. 2020
2020 Evaluating the effect of care around labor and delivery practices on early neonatal mortality in the Global Network’s Maternal and Newborn Health RegistryReproductive Health.  17. 2020
2020 Looking beyond the numbers: quality assurance procedures in the Global Network for Women’s and Children’s Health Research Maternal Newborn Health RegistryReproductive Health.  17. 2020
2020 Neonatal deaths in infants born weighing ≥ 2500 g in low and middle-income countriesReproductive Health.  17. 2020
2020 Outcomes Following Post-Hemorrhagic Ventricular Dilatation among Infants of Extremely Low Gestational AgeJournal of Pediatrics.  226:36-44.e3. 2020
2020 Racism and social injustice as determinants of child health: the American Pediatric Society Issue of the YearPediatric Research.  88:691-693. 2020
2020 Serial assessment of fat and fat-free mass accretion in very preterm infants: a randomized trialPediatric Research.  88:733-738. 2020
2020 Stillbirth 2010–2018: a prospective, population-based, multi-country study from the Global NetworkReproductive Health.  17. 2020
2020 The Global Network Maternal Newborn Health Registry: a multi-country, community-based registry of pregnancy outcomesReproductive Health.  17. 2020
2020 The immune system in infants: Relevance to xenotransplantationPediatric Transplantation.  24. 2020
2020 The relationship between birth intervals and adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in six low and lower-middle income countriesReproductive Health.  17. 2020
2020 Helping babies breathe global development alliance and the power of partnershipsPediatrics.  146. 2020
2020 Higher- or Usual-Volume Feedings in Infants Born Very Preterm: A Randomized Clinical TrialJournal of Pediatrics.  224:66-71.e1. 2020
2020 A current era analysis of ABO incompatible listing practice and impact on outcomes in young children requiring heart transplantationJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation.  39:627-635. 2020
2020 Attitudes to Cardiac Xenotransplantation by Pediatric Heart Surgeons and PhysiciansWorld Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery.  11:426-430. 2020
2020 Early-Onset Neonatal Sepsis 2015 to 2017, the Rise of Escherichia coli, and the Need for Novel Prevention StrategiesJAMA Pediatrics.  174. 2020
2020 Racial/Ethnic Disparities among Extremely Preterm Infants in the United States from 2002 to 2016JAMA Network Open.  3. 2020
2020 Association of Antenatal Corticosteroids and Magnesium Sulfate Therapy With Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Extremely Preterm ChildrenObstetrics and Gynecology.  135:1377-1386. 2020
2020 Low-Dose Aspirin for the Prevention of Preterm Delivery in Nulliparous Women with a Singleton Pregnancy (ASPIRIN): A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled TrialObstetrical and Gynecological Survey.  75:325-327. 2020
2020 Anti-Pig Antibody in Infants: Can a Genetically Engineered Pig Heart Bridge to Allotransplantation?Annals of Thoracic Surgery.  109:1268-1273. 2020
2020 Association of Umbilical Cord Milking vs Delayed Umbilical Cord Clamping with Death or Severe Intraventricular Hemorrhage among Preterm InfantsObstetrical and Gynecological Survey.  75:212-214. 2020
2020 The Fontan Liver after Cardiac TransplantationJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation.  39:S67. 2020
2020 True, maybe true, perhaps unrelated – granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and increased risk of rejection in heart transplant recipientsJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation.  39:403. 2020
2020 Oligohydramnios: a prospective study of fetal, neonatal and maternal outcomes in low-middle income countriesReproductive Health.  17. 2020
2020 Low-dose aspirin for the prevention of preterm delivery in nulliparous women with a singleton pregnancy (ASPIRIN): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial 2020
2019 Comparison of 10-year graft failure rates after induction with basiliximab or anti-thymocyte globulin in pediatric heart transplant recipients—The influence of racePediatric Transplantation.  23. 2019
2019 The Case for Cardiac Xenotransplantation in Neonates: Is Now the Time to Reconsider Xenotransplantation for Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome?Pediatric Cardiology.  40:437-444. 2019
2018 Associations between feeding practices and growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 36 months among children living in low- And low-middle income countries who participated in the BRAIN-HIT trialBMC Nutrition.  4. 2018
2017 Ventricular assist device use in single ventricle congenital heart diseasePediatric Transplantation.  21. 2017
2017 Challenges of Cardiac Transplantation Following the Fontan ProcedureWorld Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery.  8:480-486. 2017
2017 Impact of contrast exposure from computed tomography angiography on acute kidney injury after neonatal cardiopulmonary bypass surgeryCongenital Heart Disease.  12:540-545. 2017
2017 Practice trends over time in the care of infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome: A report from the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement CollaborativeCongenital Heart Disease.  12:315-321. 2017
2016 Current Expectations for Cardiac Transplantation in Patients With Congenital Heart DiseaseWorld Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery.  7:685-695. 2016
2016 Growth Outcomes of Preterm Infants Exposed to Different Oxygen Saturation Target Ranges from BirthJournal of Pediatrics.  176:62-68.e4. 2016
2016 Impact of initial Norwood shunt type on young hypoplastic left heart syndrome patients listed for heart transplant: A multi-institutional studyJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation.  35:301-305. 2016
2015 Aortic dilation in pediatric patientsEuropean Journal of Pediatrics.  174:1585-1592. 2015
2015 Repair of Early Posttransplant Endomyocardial Biopsy-Related Tricuspid Regurgitation in a ChildWorld Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery.  6:295-297. 2015
2014 Mechanical circulatory support: Strategies and outcomes in pediatric congenital heart diseaseSeminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery: Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual.  17:62-68. 2014
2014 Single-center experience with extracorporeal photopheresis in pediatric heart transplantationJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation.  33:624-628. 2014
2014 Systemic effects of intracoronary nitroglycerin during coronary angiography: In children after heart transplantationTexas Heart Institute Journal.  41:21-25. 2014
2013 Retransplantation as a successful therapy for post-transplant protein-losing enteropathyJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation.  32:472-473. 2013
2012 Implantation of the HeartWare HVAD in a child after a recent thromboembolic strokeAnnals of Thoracic Surgery.  93:977-978. 2012
2012 Cardiac Transplantation and Mechanical Support for Functional Single VentricleWorld Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery.  3:183-193. 2012
2012 Postoperative Serum Cortisol Concentration and Adrenal Insufficiency in Neonates Undergoing Open-Heart SurgeryWorld Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery.  3:214-220. 2012
2011 Interstage attrition between bidirectional Glenn and Fontan palliation in children with hypoplastic left heart syndromeJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.  142:511-516. 2011
2011 Root dilation in patients with truncus arteriosusCongenital Heart Disease.  6:228-233. 2011
2011 Impact of the american heart association scientific statement on screening electrocardiograms and stimulant medicationsJAMA Pediatrics.  165:166-170. 2011
2011 Inhaled nitric oxide improves oxygen saturation in children with pulmonary arteriovenous malformations after the Fontan procedurePediatric Critical Care Medicine.  12. 2011
2007 Persistent diastolic flow reversal in abdominal aortic Doppler-flow profiles is associated with an increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis in term infants with congenital heart diseasePediatrics.  119:330-335. 2007
2004 Extent of hepatic resection does not correlate with toxicity following adjuvant chemotherapy 2004
2001 Chronic exposure to cigarette smoke extract impairs endothelium-dependent relaxation of chicken embryo pulmonary arteries 2001
2001 Effect of cigarette smoke extract on neonatal porcine vascular smooth muscle cellsToxicology and Applied Pharmacology.  170:130-136. 2001


Year Title Altmetric
2014 Taxonomy for mechanical ventilation.  1-70. 2014

Education And Training

  • Cincinnati Children's Medical Center, Internship
  • Puerto Rico Children's Hospital, Internship
  • Cincinnati Children's Medical Center, Residency
  • Puerto Rico Children's Hospital, Residency
  • Baylor College of Medicine, Postdoctoral Fellowship
  • Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital, Postdoctoral Fellowship
  • Doctor of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania 2004
  • Bachelor of Arts in Biology, Harvard University 2000
  • Full Name

  • Waldemar Carlo