Bioassay-guided fractionation of antifouling compounds using computer-assisted motion analysis of brown algal spore swimming

Academic Article


  • Antifouling extracts from the sea stars Astropecten articulants and Luidia clathrata and from the brittle star Astrocyclus caecilia were fractionated by solid phase extraction and high performance liquid chromatography. Bioactive fractions were identified with the use of computer-assisted motion analysis-based bioassays utilising previously described Hincksia irregularis spore swimming behaviour parameters. Quantified parameters of spore movement were rate of change of direction (RCD) and speed (SPEE). The methods used initially required only 10 μg equivalent amounts of total crude extract and each resultant resolving step (normalised to 1 mg ml-1 of crude, unfractionated extract) required far less material. Statistical analyses of RCD and ratios of RCD:SPEE values in experiments comparing swimming in the presence of extract fractions to controls revealed that both parameters were useful individually and in combination for efficiently following compound bioactivity throughout the fractionation procedure. This technique was also able to detect synergistic or additive interactions between compounds. © 2006 Taylor & Francis.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Greer SP; Iken K; McClintock JB; Amsler CD
  • Start Page

  • 125
  • End Page

  • 132
  • Volume

  • 22
  • Issue

  • 2