The global transfer of arms has long been a part of international relations. Since the end of WWII, however, the international arms trade has grown enormously and has assumed an increasingly significant role in international relations. During this same time, developing countries have come to play an expansive role as recipients in the global arms marketplace. This pattern of affairs raises a number of questions, among them one as to the nature of the relationship between arms transfers and the quest for human security in the Third World. This question is here explored by assessing cross-nationally the linkage between arms imports and subsequent changes in the level of human security in developing countries. Employing a pooled time-series cross-sectional design, the patterns of arms acquisitions behavior and conditions of human security are examined for the years 1981 through 1995, with the empirical results suggesting a harmful relationship between the two.