PICOSECOND FLUORESCENCE DECAY TIME MEASUREMENTS OF NUCLEIC ACIDS AT ROOM TEMPERATURE IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Abstract— We report the room‐temperature fluorescence decay times of calf thymus DNA when native and when 16% of its guanine residues are methylated at theN–7 position. The samples were excited with single, 25 ps, 266 nm laser pulses from a frequency‐quadrupled Nd: YAG laser. Fluorescence was detected with a streak camera‐optical multichannel analyzer system that has a time jitter of about 2 ps. For DNA and methylated DNA we detected a major component that has a decay time of about 10 and 20 ps, respectively. A second component has a corresponding decay time of about 65 and 80 ps and makes a contribution of0–10% and20–40% depending on the transmission characteristics of the emission filter employed. In contrast, the decay time of 7‐methyl GMP, which contains the same fluorophore as methylated DNA, is approximately single exponential and has a decay time of180–210 ps depending on the emission filter. The absence of a pronounced time delay between the fluorescence decay profiles of the nucleic acids and the exciting light pulse points against the formation of excited‐state complexes (excimers). Copyright © 1985, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Georghiou S; Nordlund TM; Saim AM
  • Start Page

  • 209
  • End Page

  • 212
  • Volume

  • 41
  • Issue

  • 2