Frontonasal malformation and cloacal exstrophy: A previously unreported association

Academic Article


  • We report on a child with frontonasal malformation (FNM) and cloacal exstrophy, a combination of findings that have not been reported previously. In FNM and cloacal exstrophy, associated malformations are rare. FNM and cloacal exstrophy both represent abnormalities of the development of the midline field; this combination of anomalies in this patient suggests an impairment of caudal and cranial midline development during blastogenesis.
  • Authors

    Author List

  • Robin NH; Neidich JA; Bason LD; Whitaker LA; McDonald-McGinn D; Hunter J; Snyder HM; Zackai EH
  • Start Page

  • 75
  • End Page

  • 78
  • Volume

  • 61
  • Issue

  • 1