Previous descriptions of the four anatomic regions of dissection in Wolff- Parkinson-White syndrome have been largely qualitative. In this study quantitative data describing this anatomy are presented, together with statistical analysis of selected anatomic relationships. Fourteen human hearts were dissected. The borders of the posteroseptal dissection along the mitral anulus, tricuspid anulus, and epicardium were measured. A positive correlation between the mitral and tricuspid annular dimensions was found (r = 0.55; p = 0.04); however, the length of epicardial dissection was more variable. The dimensions of the anteroseptal space and the position of the right coronary artery within this space were measured. These measurements emphasize the proximity of the aortic sinuses of Valsalva to the right atrial endocardium near the posteromedial extent of the dissection. The dimensions of the right and left free walls and the position of the coronary arteries within these spaces were measured. A positive correlation was found between the width of the atrioventricular groove and the length of the dissection necessary to separate the atrioventricular groove fat from the ventricular surface (r = 0.89; p = 0.0001, right free wall; r = 0.87; p = 0.0001, left free wall). The quantitative data presented in this article are intended to enhance the surgeon's appreciation of the anatomy relevant to the treatment of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. The knowledge gained from this quantitative analysis may improve accuracy in the electrophysiologic localization and surgical disruption of accessory atrioventricular connections.