A Critical Role of IL-21-Induced BATF in Sustaining CD8-T-Cell-Mediated Chronic Viral Control

Academic Article


  • Control of chronic viral infections by CD8 T cells is critically dependent on CD4 help. In particular, helper-derived IL-21 plays a key role in sustaining the CD8 T cell response; however, the molecular pathways by which IL-21 sustains CD8 T cell immunity remain unclear. We demonstrate that IL-21 causes a phenotypic switch of transcription factor expression in CD8 T cells during chronic viral infection characterized by sustained BATF expression. Importantly, BATF expression during chronic infection is both required for optimal CD8 T cell persistence and anti-viral effector function and sufficient to rescue "unhelped" CD8 T cells. Mechanistically, BATF sustains the response by cooperating with IRF4, an antigen-induced transcription factor that is also critically required for CD8 T cell maintenance, to preserve Blimp-1 expression and thereby sustain CD8 T cell effector function. Collectively, these data suggest that CD4 T cells "help" the CD8 response during chronic infection via IL-21-induced BATF expression. Xin et al. identify a pathway that connects CD4-derived IL-21 to a BATF-mediated transcriptional program in CD8 T cells, which plays a key role in the sustained effector function of CD8 T cells during chronic viral infection.
  • Published In

  • Cell Reports  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Xin G; Schauder DM; Lainez B; Weinstein JS; Dai Z; Chen Y; Esplugues E; Wen R; Wang D; Parish IA
  • Start Page

  • 1118
  • End Page

  • 1124
  • Volume

  • 13
  • Issue

  • 6