A clinical test of dynamic visual acuity for children

Academic Article


  • Objective: Children with sensorineural hearing impairment (SNHI) and concomitant vestibular hypofunction demonstrate deficits in gaze stability that may affect reading. The objective of this study was to develop a reliable, valid clinical test of dynamic visual acuity (DVA) for children. Methods: Seventy-six typically developing children, 26 adults and 11 children with sensorineural hearing impairment participated. Visual acuity was tested under three conditions: (1) head stable (static acuity), (2) head tipped forward 30° and passively rotated 30° in the yaw plane at 2Hz (horizontal dynamic acuity) and (3) head passively moved in the pitch plane 30° at 2Hz (vertical dynamic acuity, vDVA). The difference, in number of chart lines, between static dynamic acuity was calculated (dynamic acuity score). Based on normative data collected, results were scored as: (1) pass ≤2S.D. from the normative mean and (2) fail ≥2S.D. from normative mean. Children were grouped by age to enable examination of the effect of age on scores. Results: We found excellent test-retest and inter-tester reliability (ICC(2,2)=0.94 and ICC(3,2)=0.84) for the horizontal dynamic acuity (hDVA) test. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were 100% to identify children with bilateral vestibular hypofunction (BVH). Although a statistical difference was found, the difference was not clinically significant (all achieved DVA scores <2 lines). The vertical dynamic acuity test was not tolerated by most children, precluding its usefulness. Conclusions: The clinical test of horizontal dynamic acuity is a reliable test for children as young as 3 years. It is simple and inexpensive, and will enable identification of those for whom more extensive testing is warranted. © 2003 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Rine RM; Braswell J
  • Start Page

  • 1195
  • End Page

  • 1201
  • Volume

  • 67
  • Issue

  • 11