Management of Frontal Sinus Cerebrospinal Fluid Leaks and Encephaloceles

Academic Article


  • Encephaloceles and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks of the frontal sinus may result from congenital, traumatic, spontaneous, or neoplastic causes. Paramount to success is adequate preoperative planning with accurate history, physical exam, endoscopy, imaging, and testing to confirm location of the leak and origin of the disease. Generally, frontal sinus CSF leaks may be addressed endoscopically with favorable anatomy, proper surgical technique, and appropriate equipment. Open surgical approaches (eg, osteoplastic flap) are often required for superior/lateral defects or if the surgeon is not experienced with endoscopic frontal sinus techniques.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Illing EA; Woodworth BA
  • Start Page

  • 1035
  • End Page

  • 1050
  • Volume

  • 49
  • Issue

  • 4