Altered motility and bacterial flora after functional end-to-end anastomosis

Academic Article


  • The functional end-to-end technique with a gastrointestinal stapler is commonly used for small-bowel anastomisis, but the effects of this anatomically side-to-side anastomosis on motility are unknown. Fasting small-bowel myoelectric activity and culture results were compared in six animals undergoing handsewn end-to-end and functional end-to-end anastomoses. Serosal electrodes were placed at 10 cm intervals, and the small bowel was divided 25 and 55 cm from the ligament of Treitz. The functional end-to-end and end-to-end techniques were performed in each animal in random order. Fasting myoelectric recordings were obtained at weekly intervals for up to 20 weeks after operation. New electrodes were placed, and additional recordings were obtained from 29 to 39 weeks, 51 to 63 weeks, and 108 to 112 weeks after operation. The recordings were visually inspected for passage of phase 3 of the migrating myoelectric complex (MMC). By 12 to 20 weeks after operation, 91% of MMCs crossed the end-to-end anastomoses versus 22% across the functional end-to-end anastomosis (p < 0.001). Even 2 years after surgery only 56% of MMCs crossed the functional end-to-end anastomosis. Quantitative bacterial cultures suggested a trend toward bacterial overgrowth in the functional end-to-end anastomosis. These results demonstrate that the functional end-to-end anastomosis alters small-bowel motility to a greater degree than an end-to-end anastomosis and may predispose to bacterial overgrowth.
  • Published In

  • Surgery  Journal
  • Author List

  • Hocking MP; Carlson RG; Courington KR; Bland KI
  • Start Page

  • 384
  • End Page

  • 392
  • Volume

  • 108
  • Issue

  • 2