Neoaortic reconstruction for aortic graft infection: Need for endovascular adjunctive therapies?

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Neoaortic reconstruction using an autogenous conduit is an increasingly accepted option for the management of aortic graft infections. However, this approach is not without technical challenges and potential graft-related problems, some of which can be solved with endovascular techniques. All patients who underwent neoaortic reconstruction with femoral-popliteal vein for aortic graft infection over a 6-year period were identified from the operative registry. Those patients requiring endovascular adjunctive therapies form the basis of this report. Of 17 cases of neoaortic reconstruction for aortic graft infection, five (29%) required endovascular adjunctive procedures. These included stent placement for graft stenosis (n = 3), stent graft placement for proximal anastomotic stenosis (n = 1), and stent graft placement for anastomotic disruption (n = 1). While two of these procedures occurred within 30 days of the original neoaortic reconstruction, three were required during late follow-up. Although there were no direct complications related to the endovascular procedures, the patient with anastomotic disruption died within 30 days of causes unrelated to the endovascular procedure. Primary patency of neoaortic reconstruction was 87% at 30 days and 61% at 3 years, with assisted primary patency increasing to 100% at 3 years after endovascular adjunctive intervention. While neoaortic reconstruction using an autogenous conduit for aortic graft infection has proven durability, it is not without potential early and late graft complications. When graft problems occur, endovascular options are an attractive alternative to reoperative open aortic procedures, especially in the setting of a vastly altered surgical field. © Annals of Vascular Surgery Inc.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Faulk JB; Dattilo JB; Guzman RJ; Naslund TC; Passman MA
  • Start Page

  • 774
  • End Page

  • 781
  • Volume

  • 19
  • Issue

  • 6