Introduction: Since the development of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), there remains concerns regarding its durability, need for secondary procedures, and associated long-term morbidity. We compared these two approaches to evaluate secondary interventions and their respective long-term durability. Methods: All patients who had undergone endovascular and open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair were identified from a prospectively maintained registry. Health system charts, medical communication, and national death indexes were reviewed. Secondary interventions were classified as vascular (aortic graft or remote) and nonvascular (incisional or gastrointestinal). Results: Between July 1985 and September 2009, 1908 patients underwent 1986 AAA repair procedures (EVAR = 1066; open = 920). Patients were followed up to 290 months (mean 27.6 ± 35.9) and identified with 427 surgical encounters (EVAR 233% to 21.9%; open 194% to 21.1%). Most encounters (338% to 74.6%) were related to vascular disease: 178 (EVAR = 131; open = 47) related to the aortic graft; 160 (EVAR = 93; open = 67) were related to nonaortic vascular disease. The remaining 89 surgical encounters included incisional hernias, small bowel obstruction, intra-abdominal abscesses, and wound dehiscence requiring operation. Of these 89 encounters (EVAR = 9; open = 80), 44 patients required surgical intervention and 36 required hospitalization without surgical procedure. Over the period of 100 months, the all-cause mortality rate was 25.2% after EVAR and 39.1% after open repair. One-year survival was 88.0% (SE 0.01) and 85.0% (SE 0.01), while 5-year survival was 58.0% (SE 0.02) and 53.0% (SE 0.02) for EVAR and open repair, respectively (log-rank P value <.0164). Seven-year survival was 46% (SE 0.03) for EVAR and 36% (SE 0.03) for open AAA repair. Conclusion: EVAR requires more late secondary vascular interventions than open AAA repair, but patients who undergo open repair have more nonvascular long-term morbidity. Long-term survival is better after EVAR compared to open repair in this selected patient group. © 2011 Society for Vascular Surgery.