Regional decoupling of n-acetyl-aspartate and glutamate in schizophrenia

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1 H-MRS) allows the non-invasive measurement of several metabolites, including N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA), an amino acid exclusively synthesized in the mitochondria of neurons, and glutamate, an amino acid involved in excitatory neurotransmission and metabolism. In view of recent postmortem studies in schizophrenia (SZ) revealing mitochondrial abnormalities as well as perturbed expression of the enzymes regulating the glutamate-glutamine cycle, we hypothesized that a disruption in the homeostasis of NAA and glutamate in SZ is present. Fifty subjects with SZ and 48 matched healthy controls (HC) were enrolled in this 1 H-MRS study. Voxels were placed in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and hippocampus; NAA/Cr and glutamate glutamine (Glx)/Cr ratios were obtained. We did not find any significant differences between the groups in metabolite levels in both the ACC and hippocampus. In the hippocampus we found that NAA/Cr and Glx/Cr ratios were significantly correlated in HC (r0.40, p0.01 (corrected p0.048)) but not in SZ (r0.06; p0.71), a difference that was statistically significant (z2.22, p0.02). Although no differences in neurometabolites between SZ and HC were apparent, correlations between NAA/Cr and Glx/Cr in healthy subjects in the hippocampus were found, and this correlation was lost in subjects with SZ. To our knowledge, this is the first study to suggest decoupling of these metabolites, a pathophysiological change that may be unique to SZ. However, these results warrant replication and further exploration before definite conclusions can be drawn. © 2012 American College of Neuropsychopharmacology.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Kraguljac NV; Reid MA; White DM; Den Hollander J; Lahti AC
  • Start Page

  • 2635
  • End Page

  • 2642
  • Volume

  • 37
  • Issue

  • 12