Performance of current guidelines for diagnosis of macrophage activation syndrome complicating systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Academic Article


  • Results The study sample included 362 patients with systemic JIA and MAS, 404 patients with active systemic JIA without MAS, and 345 patients with systemic infection. The best capacity to differentiate MAS from systemic JIA without MAS was found when the preliminary MAS guidelines were applied. The 3/5-adapted HLH-2004 guidelines performed better than the 4/5-adapted guidelines in distinguishing MAS from active systemic JIA without MAS. The 3/5-adapted HLH-2004 guidelines and the preliminary MAS guidelines with the addition of ferritin levels ≥500 ng/ml discriminated best between MAS and systemic infections.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Davì S; Minoia F; Pistorio A; Horne A; Consolaro A; Rosina S; Bovis F; Cimaz R; Gamir ML; Ilowite NT
  • Start Page

  • 2871
  • End Page

  • 2880
  • Volume

  • 66
  • Issue

  • 10