Most common sports-related injuries in a pediatric emergency department

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: Participation in sports is a popular activity for children across the country. Prevention of sports-related injuries can be improved if details of injuries are documented and studied. Methods: A retrospective medical record review of injuries that occurred as a direct result of sports participation (both organized and non-organized play) from November 2006 to November 2007. Because the vast majority of injuries were a result of participation in football or basketball, these injuries were focused upon. The injuries specifically examined were closed head injury (CHI), lacerations and fractures. Results: There were 350 football and 196 basketball injuries (total 546). Comparing injuries between the two groups fractures were found to be more prevalent in football compared to basketball (z = 2.14; p = 0.03; 95%CI (0.01, 0.16)). Lacerations were found to be less prevalent among helmeted patients than those without helmets. (z = 2.39; p = 0.02; 95%CI (-0.17,-0.03)). CHI was more prevalent among organized play compared to non-organized (z = 3.9; p<0.001; 95%CI (0.06, 0.16)). Among basketball related visits, non-organized play had a higher prevalence of injury compared to organized play. (z = 2.87; p = 0.004; 95% CI (0.04, 0.21)). Among football related visits, organized play had a higher prevalence of injury compared to non-organized play (z = 2.87; p = 0.004; 95%CI (0.04,.0.21)). No differences in fracture or laceration prevalence were found between organized and non-organized play. Conclusions: Football and basketball related injuries are common complaints in a pediatric Emergency Department. Frequently seen injuries include CHI, fractures and lacerations. In our institution, fractures were more prevalent among football players and CHI was more prevalent among organized sports participants. © 2011 The Author(s).
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 4395841
  • Author List

  • Monroe KW; Thrash C; Sorrentino A; King WD
  • Start Page

  • 17
  • End Page

  • 20
  • Volume

  • 50
  • Issue

  • 1