Addition of six-His-tagged peptide to the C terminus of adeno-associated virus VP3 does not affect viral tropism or production

Academic Article


  • Production of large quantities of recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) is difficult and not cost-effective. To overcome this problem, we have explored the feasibility of creating a recombinant AAV encoding a 6xHis tag on the VP3 capsid protein. We generated a plasmid vector containing a six-His (6xHis)-tagged AAV VP3. A second plasmid vector was generated that contained the full-length AAV capsid capable of producing VP1 and VP2, but not VP3 due to a mutation at position 2809 that encodes the start codon for VP3. These plasmids, necessary for production of AAV, were transfected into 293 cells to generate a 6xHis-tagged VP3mutant recombinant AAV. The 6xHis-tagged VP3 did not affect the formation of AAV virus, and the physical properties of the 6xHis-modified AAV were equivalent to those of wild-type particles. The 6xHis-tagged AAV did not affect the production titer of recombinant AAV and could be used to purify the recombinant AAV using an Ni-nitrilotriacetic acid column. Addition of the 6xHis tag did not alter the viral tropism compared to wild-type AAV. These observations demonstrate the feasibility of producing high-titer AAV containing a 6xHis-tagged AAV VP3 capsid protein and to utilize the 6xHis-tagged VP3 capsid to achieve high-affinity purification of this recombinant AAV.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Zhang HG; Xie J; Dmitriev I; Kashentseva E; Curiel DT; Hsu HC; Mountz JD
  • Start Page

  • 12023
  • End Page

  • 12031
  • Volume

  • 76
  • Issue

  • 23