Increased levels of galactose-deficient IgG in sera of HIV-1-infected individuals

Academic Article


  • Background: The IgG from sera of patients with chronic inflammatory diseases of autoimmune character or some chronic microbial infections is frequently deficient in galactose on N-linked glycans. However, this phenomenon has not been investigated at length in human viral infections. Objectives: To evaluate the glycosylation of serum IgG in HIV-1-positive patients. Methods: Psathyrella velutina lectin was used in enzyme-linked immunosorbent and Western blot assays to determine glycosylation. In addition, gas-liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry were utilized to confirm the galactose deficiency observed in the lectin-binding assays. Results HIV-1-infected individuals had significantly higher levels of galactose-deficient IgG than healthy controls. In fact, the galactose deficiency of the N-linked glycans observed in other diseases was even more profound in HIV-1 infection. This deficiency was primarily restricted to IgG when total serum glycoproteins were evaluated and IgG1 was the subclass most affected in all patients. Also, a significant increase in lectin binding was observed on IgG2 and IgG4 from HIV-1-positive females compared with HIV-1-negative females. Conclusions: Identification of deficient galactosylation of serum IgG from HIV-1-infected patients extended the spectrum of diseases in which this phenomenon has been observed. In addition, the results suggest yet another aspect of immune dysfunction as a result of HIV-1 infection. © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Published In

  • AIDS  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Moore JS; Wu X; Kulhavy R; Tomana M; Novak J; Moldoveanu Z; Brown R; Goepfert PA; Mestecky J
  • Start Page

  • 381
  • End Page

  • 389
  • Volume

  • 19
  • Issue

  • 4