Farm-to-consumer retail outlet use, fruit and vegetable intake, and obesity status among WIC program participants in Alabama

Academic Article


  • Objectives: We studied whether use of farm-to-consumer (FTC) retail outlets (eg, farmers market, farm/roadside stand) was associated with daily fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake or obesity status among women who participate in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in Birmingham, AL. Methods: We used a cross-sectional study design and recruited a convenience sample of 312 women (mean age = 27.6; 67.0% non-Hispanic black; 45.6% obese) participating in Birmingham's WIC Program. Participants were recruited between October 2014 and January 2015. Participants who self-reported purchasing produce from a FTC outlet during the 2014 farmers' market season were classified as FTC outlet users. Multivariable-adjusted regression models were used to examine associations between FTC outlet use, daily F&V intake, and obesity status (ie, body mass index ≥ 30). Results: Approximately 26.1% of participants were classified as FTC outlet users. After adjusting for socio-demographic factors and WIC Cash Value Voucher redemption, FTC outlet use was associated with increased odds of consuming ≥ 5 servings of F&Vs per day (OR: 2.01; 95%: 1.15-3.50), but not obesity status (OR: 0.68; 95% CI: 0.39-1.20). Conclusions: FTC retail outlet use was associated with F&V intake among program participants but not obesity status.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Singleton CR; Baskin M; Levitan EB; Sen B; Affuso E; Affuso O
  • Start Page

  • 446
  • End Page

  • 454
  • Volume

  • 40
  • Issue

  • 4