The burden of stroke in Africa: A glance at the present and a glimpse into the future

Academic Article


  • Objective: Information on the current burden of stroke in Africa is limited. The aim of this review was to comprehensively examine the current and projected burden of stroke in Africa. Methods: We systematically reviewed the available literature (PubMed and AJOL) from January 1960 and June 2014 on stroke in Africa. Percentage change in age-adjusted stroke incidence, mortality and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for African countries between 1990 and 2010 were calculated from the Global Burden of Diseases (GBD) model-derived figures. Results: Community-based studies revealed an age-standardised annual stroke incidence rate of up to 316 per 100 000 population, and age-standardised prevalence rates of up to 981 per 100 000. Model-based estimates showed significant mean increases in age-standardised stroke incidence. The peculiar factors responsible for the substantial disparities in incidence velocity, ischaemic stroke proportion, mean age and case fatality compared to high-income countries remain unknown. Conclusions: While the available study data and evidence are limited, the burden of stroke in Africa appears to be increasing.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Owolabi MO; Akarolo-Anthony S; Akinyemi R; Arnett D; Gebregziabher M; Jenkins C; Tiwari H; Arulogun O; Akpalu A; Sarfo FS
  • Start Page

  • S27
  • End Page

  • S38
  • Volume

  • 26
  • Issue

  • 2