Haseman and Elston (H-E) proposed a regression-based robust test of linkage between a marker and an autosomal quantitative trait locus, using the squared sib pair trait difference as a dependent variable and the proportion of alleles shared identical by descent by the sib pair as an independent variable. Several authors have proposed improvement of the original H-E's seminal work by using an optimal linear combination of squared sum and squared difference as the dependent variable. In this paper, we extend Haseman and Elston's sib pair method to an X-linked locus. We give a general formulation of the complete regression model and details of the regression coefficients in terms of variance components. Simulation results are presented to describe the power of this technique for a theoretical best case scenario. Copyright © 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel.