Overview: This review presents the findings of published research in the Reaching for Excellence in Adolescent Care and Health (REACH) Project on sexually transmitted infections (STIs) within the context of the project's scientific agenda. Methods employed in the study for specimen collection, management, and laboratory analysis are presented. This review presents published analyses of cross-sectional data; longitudinal analyses are underway. In addition, baseline prevalence data on selected STIs and sexual risk profiles of the subjects in REACH are presented. High STI rates were evident in both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected and uninfected youth of both genders regardless of sexual orientation. High infection rates at baseline suggest that prevention-oriented programs for risk reduction among adolescents should focus on both HIV infected and at-risk, uninfected youth. Copyright © 2001 Society for Adolescent Medicine.