Yaw impact of rod projectiles

Academic Article


  • The purpose of this numerical study is to investigate the penetration regimes for L/D 30 tungsten-alloy rod projectiles for cases where the impact yaw angle varies from O to 90° and for impact velocities from 1.4 to 2.6 km/s. The target is modeled as a semi-infinite or half-space block of rolled homogeneous armor (RHA) at zero obliquity. For cases of mild interference, the penetration channel is still deep and narrow but may be skewed with respect to the original shot-line. While penetration is degraded the efficiency of the rod projectile remains relatively high. With increasing yaw angle the rod may deform due to transverse loading to the extent such that it contacts and produces gouges on the opposite side of the penetration channel. Addition-ally, lateral loading may induce angular acceleration to the extent such that the tail of the projectile rotates (in the plane of symmetry) and also contacts the opposite side of the penetration channel. In the next discernible penetration regime, the long-rod deforms under transverse load but the tail does not rotate significantly. It is seen that nearly the entire rod length experiences the lateral load with the result that the original shot-line is significantly altered. The deformed rod, again, has multiple contact or loading points (or regions) and the resultant angular acceleration appears to be insufficient to induce rotation of the projectile tail. Thus, rather than ricochet, the projectile cuts a significant slot into the target. Finally, for very large yaw angles the crater becomes indistinguishable from one produced by a side-on or 90° impact even though the impact yaw angle may be significantly less than 90°. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Gee DJ; Littlefield DL
  • Start Page

  • 211
  • End Page

  • 220
  • Volume

  • 26
  • Issue

  • 1-10