Ocular Pulse Amplitude Correlates With Ocular Rigidity at Native IOP Despite the Variability in Intraocular Pulse Volume With Each Heartbeat

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess ocular coat mechanical behavior using controlled ocular microvolumetric injections (MVI) of 15 μL of balanced salt solution (BSS) infused over 1 second into the anterior chamber (AC) via a syringe pump. Methods: Intraocular pressure (IOP) was continuously recorded at 200 Hz with a validated implantable IOP telemetry system in 7 eyes of 7 male rhesus macaques (nonhuman primates [NHPs]) during 5 MVIs in a series at native (3 trials), 15 and 20 mm Hg baseline IOPs, repeated in 2 to 5 sessions at least 2 weeks apart. Ocular rigidity coefficients (K) and ocular pulse volume (PV) were calculated for each trial. Data were averaged across sessions within eyes; PV was analyzed with a three-level nested ANOVA, and parameter relationships were analyzed with Pearson Correlation and linear regres-sion. Results: After MVI at native baseline IOP of 10.4 ± 1.6 mm Hg, IOP increased by 9.1 ± 2.8 mm Hg (IOP) at a 9.6 ± 2.7 mm Hg/s slope, ocular pulse amplitude (OPA) was 0.70 ± 0.13 mm Hg on average; the average K was 0.042 ± 0.010 μL−1 and average PV was 1.16 ± 0.43 μL. PV varied significantly between trials, days, and eyes (P ≤ 0.05). OPA was significantly correlated with K at native IOP: Pearson coefficients ranged from 0.71 to 0.83 (P ≤ 0.05) and R2 ranged from 0.50 to 0.69 (P ≤ 0.05) during the first trial. Conclusions: The MVI-driven IOP and slope can be used to assess ocular coat mechanical behavior and measure ocular rigidity. Translational Relevance: Importantly, OPA at native IOP is correlated with ocular rigidity despite the significant variability in PV between heartbeats.
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    Author List

  • Markert JE; Turner DC; Jasien JV; Nyankerh CNA; Samuels BC; Downs JC
  • Volume

  • 11
  • Issue

  • 9