Beliefs and Intentions of Anesthesia Physicians Toward Providing Culturally Competent Care to Transgender Patients

Academic Article


  • Purpose: Anesthesiologists have limited relationships with their patients before delivering care and have little time for patient interactions. Yet, they should possess the knowledge and skills to treat all patients in an equitable, culturally competent manner, including transgender patients. The study's purpose was to determine behavioral factors influencing culturally competent care by anesthesia physicians with transgender patients. Methods: A two-phase design was utilized in 2020 to examine the attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control of anesthesia physicians, both in training and practicing independently. Phase 1 allowed exploration of themes related to facilitators and barriers of the provision of culturally competent care to transgender patients. Phase 2 involved the creation and deployment of a 51-question survey informed by phase 1 to 100 anesthesia physicians at a single academic medical center in the southeastern United States. Results: Thematic analysis was performed on results from the phase 1 elicitation survey, which informed the creation of the survey for phase 2. One hundred phase 2 surveys were distributed, with a 70% response rate. Analyses were conducted to determine the largest influence of intent to interact with transgender patients in a culturally competent manner, as well as to establish the reliability of the tool. Conclusion: Attitude followed by subjective norms were positive influencers of intent, while lack of knowledge was a negative influencer. Strengthening attitudes and subjective norms, while implementing programs to increase knowledge, competence, and humility, would be goals for future studies and actions toward improving healthcare of transgender individuals.
  • Published In

  • Transgender Health  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Blanchard E; Evans R; Abdullatif H; Brown M; Carter T; LaChenaye J