Health-Related Quality of Life After Single Ventricle Palliation or Tetralogy of Fallot Repair

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Single ventricle (SV) cardiac lesions and tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) are both common forms of cyanotic congenital heart disease. With advances in perioperative care and longitudinal follow-up, survival of these patients has dramatically improved and the majority survive to adulthood. This study compares health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of adult SV and TOF patients to each other and the general population. HRQoL of all surviving, non-transplanted SV and TOF patients 21¬†years of age and older at our institution was assessed with the SF-36 questionnaire via phone. Additional data including demographic parameters and information related to comorbidities and healthcare utilization were also analyzed. Among 81 eligible SV patients and 207 TOF patients, 33 (41%) and 75 (36%) completed the SF-36 phone survey, respectively. The mean age of SV patients was 32 vs. 38 years in the TOF group (p=0.01). SV patients reported more hepatic, pulmonary, and renal comorbidities. TOF patients were more likely to complete advanced degrees and more likely to have children (p=0.03). SV physical functioning scores were worse compared to TOF. In other domains of the SF-36 questionnaire, SV and TOF scores were similar. Compared to the general population, both groups reported worse bodily pain and mental health, but other aspects of psychosocial and general health were comparable. Overall HRQoL is good for both SV and TOF patients through early and mid-adulthood. Some QoL metrics were modestly worse in the SV patients. While these patients may have some physical limitations, psychosocial wellbeing appears preserved.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 28495854
  • Author List

  • Miller VM; Sorabella RA; Padilla LA; Sollie Z; Izima C; Johnson WH; Cleveland DC; Buckman JR; Maxwell KS; Smith R