Darunavir Pharmacokinetics With an Increased Dose During Pregnancy

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of an increased dose of darunavir (800 mg twice daily) with 100 mg ritonavir during pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: Darunavir (DRV) and ritonavir (RTV; r) intensive pharmacokinetic evaluations were performed at steady state during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy (DRV/r 800/100 mg bid) and 2-3 weeks postpartum (DRV/r 600/100 mg twice daily). Plasma concentrations of darunavir and ritonavir were measured using high-performance liquid chromatography. Target darunavir area under the concentration time curve (AUC) was >70% (43.6 μg × h/mL) of median AUC (62.3 μg × h/mL) in nonpregnant adults on twice daily darunavir-ritonavir 600/100 mg. RESULTS: Twenty-four women were included in the analysis. Darunavir AUC0-12 was lower with the increased dose during the second {[geometric mean ratio (GMR) of 0.62 (IQR 0.44-0.88); P = 0.055]} and third trimesters [GMR 0.64 (IQR 0.55-0.73); P = <0.001] compared with postpartum. Darunavir apparent clearance was higher during the second [GMR 1.77 (IQR 1.24-2.51); P = 0.039] and third trimesters [GMR 2.01 (IQR 1.17-2.35); P = <0.001] compared with postpartum. Similarly, ritonavir AUC0-12 was lower during the third trimester [GMR 0.65 (IQR 0.52-0.82); P = 0.007] compared with postpartum, whereas its apparent clearance was higher during the third trimester [GMR 1.53 (IQR 1.22-1.92); P = 0.008] compared with postpartum. No major drug-related safety concerns were noted. CONCLUSIONS: Increasing darunavir dose to 800 mg BID failed to significantly increase darunavir exposure compared with 600 mg BID. Other strategies, such as increasing the ritonavir dose should be investigated.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Eke AC; Stek AM; Wang J; Kreitchmann R; Shapiro DE; Smith E; Chakhtoura N; Capparelli EV; Mirochnick M; Best BM
  • Start Page

  • 373
  • End Page

  • 380
  • Volume

  • 83
  • Issue

  • 4