Defining Oligometastatic Disease in the New Era of PSMA‐PET Imaging for Primary Staging of Prostate Cancer

Academic Article


  • Oligometastatic prostate cancer has traditionally been defined in the literature as a limited number of metastatic lesions (either to soft tissue or bone), typically based on findings seen on CT, MRI, and skeletal scintigraphy. Although definitions have varied among research studies, many important clinical trials have documented effective treatments and prognostication in patients with oligometastatic prostate cancer. In current clinical practice, prostate‐specific membrane antigen (PSMA)‐PET/CT is increasingly utilized for the initial staging of high‐risk patients and, in many cases, detecting metastases that would have otherwise been undetected with conventional staging imaging. Thus, patients with presumed localized and/or oligometastatic prostate cancer undergo stage migration based on more novel molecular imaging. As a result, it is challenging to apply the data from the era before widespread PET utilization to current clinical practice and to relate current trials using PSMA‐PET/CT for disease detection to older studies using conventional staging imaging alone. This manuscript aims to review the definition of oligometastatic prostate cancer, summa-rize important studies utilizing both PSMA‐PET/CT and conventional anatomic imaging, discuss the concept of stage migration, and discuss current problems and challenges with the current definition of oligometastatic disease.
  • Published In

  • Cancers  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Galgano SJ; McDonald AM; West JT; Rais‐bahrami S
  • Volume

  • 14
  • Issue

  • 14