Structure and Dynamics of tRNAMet Containing Core Substitutions

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The fidelity of protein synthesis is largely dominated by the accurate recognition of transfer RNAs (tRNAs) by their cognate aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. Aminoacylation of each tRNA with its cognate amino acid is necessary to maintain the accuracy of genetic code input. Aminoacylated tRNAMet functions in both initiation and elongation steps during protein synthesis. As a precursor to the investigation of a methionyl-tRNA synthetase-tRNAMet complex, presented here are the results of molecular dynamics (MD) for single nucleotide substitutions in the D-loop of tRNAMet (G15A, G18A, and G19A) probing structure/function relationships. The core of tRNAMet likely mediates an effective communication between the tRNA anticodon and acceptor ends, contributing an acceptor stem rearrangement to fit into the enzyme-active site. Simulations of Escherichia coli tRNAMet were performed for 1 μs four times each. The MD simulations showed changes in tRNA flexibility and long-range communication most prominently in the G18A variant. The results indicate that the overall tertiary structure of tRNAMet remains unchanged with these substitutions; yet, there are perturbations to the secondary structure. Network-based analysis of the hydrogen bond structure and correlated motion indicates that the secondary structure elements of the tRNA are highly intraconnected, but loosely interconnected. Specific nucleotides, including U8 and G22, stabilize the mutated structures and are candidates for substitution in future studies.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • ACS Omega  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Godwin RC; MacNamara LM; Alexander RW; Salsbury FR
  • Start Page

  • 10668
  • End Page

  • 10678
  • Volume

  • 3
  • Issue

  • 9