Kaplan-Meier Survival, Actuarial Survival, Censoring, and Competing Events—What Is What?

Academic Article


  • Survival analyses, most commonly Kaplan-Meier curves, are frequently used in the field of cardiovascular medicine to analyze and graphically illustrate the differences in outcomes between 2 or multiple study groups in randomized controlled trials. Whereas Kaplan-Meier curves provide a nice representation of the survival (or the occurrence of other events of interest) of 1 or several groups of patients, they are commonly misused, especially in the setting of interval censoring, actuarial survival, and competing events. Here, we sought to provide the reader with a simple example that clarifies some of these concepts.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Hage A; Hage F
  • Start Page

  • 40
  • End Page

  • 43
  • Volume

  • 114
  • Issue

  • 1