Safety and immunogenicity of monovalent H7N9 influenza vaccine with AS03 adjuvant given sequentially or simultaneously with a seasonal influenza vaccine: A randomized clinical trial

Academic Article


  • Background: Influenza A/H7N9 viruses have pandemic potential. Methods: We conducted an open-label, randomized, controlled trial of AS03-adjuvanted 2017 inactivated influenza A/H7N9 vaccine (H7N9 IIV) in healthy adults. Group 1 received H7N9 IIV and seasonal quadrivalent influenza vaccine (IIV4) simultaneously, followed by H7N9 IIV three weeks later. Group 2 received IIV4 alone and then two doses of H7N9 IIV at three-week intervals. Group 3 received one dose of IIV4. We used hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) and microneutralization (MN) assays to measure geometric mean titers and seroprotection (≥1:40 titer) to vaccine strains and monitored for safety. Results: Among 149 subjects, seroprotection by HAI three weeks after H7N9 IIV dose 2 was 51% (95 %CI 37%-65%) for Group 1 and 40% (95 %CI 25%-56%) for Group 2. Seroprotection by MN at the same timepoint was 84% (95 %CI 72%-93%) for Group 1 and 74% (95 %CI 60%-86%) for Group 2. By 180 days after H7N9 IIV dose 2, seroprotection by HAI or MN was low for Groups 1 and 2. Responses measured by HAI and MN against each IIV4 strain three weeks after IIV4 vaccination were similar in all groups. Solicited local and systemic reactions were similar after a single vaccination, while those receiving simultaneous H7N9 and IIV4 had slightly more reactogenicity. There were no serious adverse events or medically-attended adverse events related to study product receipt. Conclusions: Adjuvanted H7N9 IIV was modestly immunogenic whether administered simultaneously or sequentially with IIV4, though responses declined by 180 days. IIV4 was immunogenic regardless of schedule. Clinical Trials Registration: NCT03318315
  • Published In

  • Vaccine  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Ortiz JR; Spearman PW; Goepfert PA; Cross K; Buddy Creech C; Chen WH; Parker S; Overton ET; Dickey M; Logan HL
  • Start Page

  • 3253
  • End Page

  • 3262
  • Volume

  • 40
  • Issue

  • 23