High-dose versus weekly cisplatin definitive chemoradiotherapy for HPV-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.

Academic Article


  • OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcomes and toxicity of high-dose cisplatin (HDC) versus weekly cisplatin (WC) definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for patients with human papillomavirus (HPV) related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCCOPx). METHODS: All patients with p16 positive SCCOPx treated with definitive CRT with cisplatin between 2010 and 2014 at a single institution were retrospectively reviewed. CTCAE v 4.03 toxicity criteria were used. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate event-free survival (EFS) and the overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Of the 55 patients included, 22 were patients treated with HDC at dose of 100mg/m2 on days 1 and 22; and the remaining 33 patients were treated with WC at 40mg/m2. Both cohorts received a median total dose of cisplatin of 200mg/m2. At median follow-up of 31months, there was one local failure and no distant failures in the HDC cohort. In the WC group, there were 6 total failures (2 local, 4 distant). Estimated 2-year EFS was better in HDC cohort as compared to WC (96% vs. 75%; p=0.04). There was no significant difference in 2-year OS (95% vs. 94%; p=0.40). Weight loss, gastric tube dependence at six months, acute renal injury and grade 3 or 4 hematological toxicity were all similar between both groups. CONCLUSIONS: HPV-related SCCOPx treated with definitive CRT with either HDC or WC had similar toxicity profile. HDC had better EFS when compared with WC and this seems to be driven by increased distant failure rates, although the OS was similar.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Oral Oncology  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Chemoradiotherapy, Cisplatin, Head and neck cancer, Human papillomavirus, Oropharynx, Toxicity, Adult, Aged, Alphapapillomavirus, Antineoplastic Agents, Carcinoma, Squamous Cell, Cisplatin, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Female, Head and Neck Neoplasms, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Oropharyngeal Neoplasms, Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Perez CA; Wu X; Amsbaugh MJ; Gosain R; Claudino WM; Yusuf M; Roberts T; Jain D; Jenson A; Khanal S
  • Start Page

  • 24
  • End Page

  • 28
  • Volume

  • 67