Increasing time to postoperative stereotactic radiation therapy for patients with resected brain metastases: investigating clinical outcomes and identifying predictors associated with time to initiation.

Academic Article


  • We sought to determine the impact of time to initiation (TTI) of post-operative radiosurgery on clinical outcomes for patients with resected brain metastases and to identify predictors associated with TTI. All patients with resected brain metastases treated with postoperative SRS or fractionated stereotactic radiation therapy (fSRT) from 2012 to 2016 at a single institution were reviewed. TTI was defined as the interval from resection to first day of radiosurgery. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to identify an optimal threshold for TTI with respect to local failure (LF). Survival outcomes were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and analyzed using the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards models. Logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with ROC-determined TTI covariates. A total of 79 resected lesions from 73 patients were evaluated. An ROC curve of LF and TTI identified an optimal threshold for TTI of 30.5 days, with an area under the curve of 0.637. TTI > 30 days was associated with an increased hazard of LF (HR 4.525, CI 1.239-16.527) but was not significantly associated with survival (HR 1.002, CI 0.547-1.823) or distant brain failure (DBF, HR 1.943, CI 0.989-3.816). Fifteen patients (20.5%) required post-operative inpatient rehabilitation. Post-operative rehabilitation was associated with TTI > 30 days (OR 1.48, CI 1.142-1.922). In our study of resected brain metastases, longer time to initiation of post-operative radiosurgery was associated with increased local failure. Ideally, post-op SRS should be initiated within 30 days of resection if feasible.
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  • Brain metastases, Fractionated stereotactic radiation therapy, Post-operative radiosurgery, Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), Time to initiation, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Brain Neoplasms, Combined Modality Therapy, Dose Fractionation, Radiation, Humans, Middle Aged, Neurosurgical Procedures, Postoperative Period, Prognosis, Radiosurgery, Time-to-Treatment
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    Author List

  • Yusuf MB; Amsbaugh MJ; Burton E; Nelson M; Williams B; Koutourousiou M; Nauta H; Woo S
  • Start Page

  • 545
  • End Page

  • 553
  • Volume

  • 136
  • Issue

  • 3