Palliation Strategy to Achieve Complete Repair in Symptomatic Neonates with Tetralogy of Fallot

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Neonates with symptomatic tetralogy of Fallot (sTOF) may undergo palliations with varying physiology, namely systemic to pulmonary artery connections (SPC) or right ventricular outflow tract interventions (RVOTI). A comparison of palliative strategies based on the physiology created is lacking. Consecutive sTOF neonates undergoing SPC or RVOTI from 2005–2017 were reviewed from the Congenital Cardiac Research Collaborative. The primary outcome was survival with successful complete repair (CR) by 18 months. A variety of secondary outcomes were assessed including overall survival, hospitalization-related comorbidities, and interstage reinterventions. Propensity score adjustment was utilized to compare treatment strategies. The cohort included 252 SPC (surgical shunt = 226, ductus arteriosus stent = 26) and 68 RVOTI (balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty = 48, RVOT stent = 11, RVOT patch = 9) patients. Genetic syndrome (29 [42.6%] v 75 [29.8%], p = 0.04), weight < 2.5 kg (28 [41.2%] v 68 [27.0%], p = 0.023), bilateral pulmonary artery Z-score < − 2 (19 [28.0%] v 36 [14.3%], p = 0.008), and pre-intervention antegrade flow (48 [70.6%] v 104 [41.3%], p < 0.001) were more common in RVOTI. Significant center differences were noted (p < 0.001). Adjusted survival to CR by 18 months (HR = 0.87, 95% CI = 0.63–1.21, p = 0.41) and overall survival (HR = 2.08, 95% CI = 0.93–4.65, p = 0.074) were similar. RVOTI had increased interstage reintervention (HR = 2.15, 95% CI = 1.36–3.99, p = 0.001). Total anesthesia (243 [213, 277] v 328 [308, 351] minutes, p < 0.001) and cardiopulmonary bypass times (117 [103, 132] v 151 [143, 160] minutes, p < 0.001) favored RVOTI. In this multicenter comparison of physiologic palliation strategies for sTOF, survival to successful CR and overall survival were similar; however, reintervention burden was significantly higher in RVOTI.
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    Author List

  • Law MA; Glatz AC; Romano JC; Chai PJ; Mascio CE; Petit CJ; McCracken CE; Kelleman MS; Nicholson GT; Meadows JJ
  • Start Page

  • 1587
  • End Page

  • 1598
  • Volume

  • 43
  • Issue

  • 7