The Pipeline Embolization Device: a decade of lessons learned in the treatment of posterior circulation aneurysms in a multicenter cohort.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • OBJECTIVE: The Pipeline Embolization Device (PED) has prompted a paradigm shift in the approach to posterior circulation aneurysms. The year 2021 marks a decade since FDA approval of this flow diverter, and during this time operators have adapted to its off-label uses. The authors examined whether case selection, practice trends, and patient outcomes have changed over this 10-year period. METHODS: This study is a retrospective review of consecutive posterior circulation aneurysms managed with the PED at four academic institutions in the US between January 1, 2011, and January 1, 2021. Factors related to case selection, rates of aneurysm occlusion, or complications were identified and evaluated. Angiographic outcomes as well as thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications were investigated. RESULTS: This study included 117 patients (median age 60 years). At a median follow-up of 12 months, adequate occlusion (> 90%) was attained in 73.2% of aneurysms. Aneurysm occlusion rates were similar over the study interval. Thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications were reported in 12.0% and 6.0% of the procedures, respectively. There was a nonsignificant trend toward a decline in the rate of thromboembolic (14.1% in 2011-2015 vs 9.4% in 2016-2021, p = 0.443) and hemorrhagic (9.4% in 2011-2015 vs 1.9% in 2016-2021, p = 0.089) complications. CONCLUSIONS: The authors observed a trend toward a decline in the rate of thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications with improved operator experience in using the PED for posterior circulation aneurysms. The use of single-device PED flow diversion significantly increased, as did the tendency to treat smaller aneurysms and observe large unruptured fusiform/dolichoectatic lesions. These findings reflect changes attributable to evolving judgment with maturing experience in PED use.
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    Keywords

  • Pipeline Embolization Device, aneurysm, hemorrhagic, intracranial, thromboembolic, vascular disorders
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    Author List

  • Dmytriw AA; Dibas M; Adeeb N; Salem MM; Salehani A; Waqas M; Saad Aldine A; Tutino VM; Ogilvy CS; Siddiqui AH
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