In-Hospital Weight Loss and Outcomes in Patients With Heart Failure

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: Acute decompensation of heart failure (HF) is often marked by fluid retention, and weight loss is a marker of successful diuresis. We examined the relationship between in-hospital weight loss and post-discharge outcomes in patients with HF. Methods: We conducted a propensity score-matched study of 8830 patients hospitalized for decompensated HF in the Medicare-linked Organized Program to Initiate Lifesaving Treatment in Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure (OPTIMIZE-HF) registry, in which 4415 patients in the weight-loss group and 4415 patients in the no-weight-loss group were balanced on 75 baseline characteristics. We defined weight loss as an admission-to-discharge weight loss of 1–30 kilograms, and we defined no weight loss as a weight gain or loss of < 1 kilogram. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for outcomes associated with weight loss were estimated. Results: Patients had a mean age of 78 years, 57% were women, and 11% were African American. The median weight loss in the weight-loss group was 3.6 (interquartile range, 2.0–6.0) kilograms. HRs and 95% CIs for 30-day all-cause mortality, all-cause readmission and HF readmission associated with weight loss were 0.75 (0.63–0.90), 0.90 (0.83–0.99) and 0.83 (0.72–0.96), respectively. Respective 60-day HRs (95% CIs) were 0.80 (0.70–0.92), 0.91 (0.85–0.98) and 0.88 (0.79–0.98). These associations were attenuated and lost significance during 6 months of follow-up. Conclusions: Among older patients hospitalized for decompensated HF, in-hospital weight loss was associated with a lower risk of mortality and hospital readmission. These findings suggest that in-hospital weight loss, a marker of successful diuresis and decongestion, is also a marker of improved clinical outcomes.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 21876661
  • Author List

  • Gill GS; LAM PH; BRAR V; PATEL S; ARUNDEL C; DEEDWANIA P; FASELIS C; ALLMAN RM; ZHANG S; MORGAN CJ
  • Start Page

  • 1116
  • End Page

  • 1124
  • Volume

  • 28
  • Issue

  • 7