Liposomes containing anti-idiotypic antibodies: An oral vaccine to induce protective secretory immune response specific for pathogens of mucosal surfaces

Academic Article


  • By using a gnotobiotic rat model system to study the induction of protective immune responses by anti-idiotype (anti-id) vaccines specific for antibodies directed at the cariogenic microorganism Streptococcus mutans, it was shown that administration of such an anti-id vaccine provided partial protection against dental caries after challenge with virulent microorganisms. Protective effects were first demonstrated by direct parenteral administration of the anti-id vaccine into salivary gland regions, as determined by reductions in microbial colonization and caries scores. Subsequently, the anti-id was incorporated into liposomes and administered by gastric intubation. Immunization by this regimen also resulted in a significant reduction in caries as well as S. mutans colonization of the oral cavity, with concomitant increases in salivary immunoglobulin A anti-S. mutans antibodies. These data provide evidence that anti-id vaccines specifically targeted at the secretory immune system can induce protective immune responses to pathogens of mucosal surfaces.
  • Published In

    Author List

  • Jackson S; Mestecky J; Childers NK; Michalek SM
  • Start Page

  • 1932
  • End Page

  • 1936
  • Volume

  • 58
  • Issue

  • 6