Assessment of the Impact of Cytokines on TFH, TREG, and TFR Cell Populations After Influenza Infection

Academic Article


  • Within the last several years, great strides have been made in understanding the molecular and cellular mechanisms that control the generation of T follicular helper (TFH), T regulatory (TREG), and T follicular regulatory (TFR) cells. As a result, it is now clear that cytokines play a critical role in regulating the development and function of these CD4+ T cell subsets. One of the critical limitations when studying the effect of individual cytokines in these populations is differentiating between the intrinsic and extrinsic effects of these cytokines in vivo. Here we describe how to utilize mixed bone marrow chimeras in combination with MHC class II tetramers to characterize the direct role played by cytokines on controlling the development, function, and maintenance of TFH, TREG, and TFR cells in vivo.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Papillion A; Jenkins MM; Ballesteros-Tato A
  • Start Page

  • 189
  • End Page

  • 199
  • Volume

  • 2380