Individual variability in animal-specific hemodynamic compensation following myocardial infarction.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Ventricular enlargement and heart failure are common in patients who survive a myocardial infarction (MI). There is striking variability in the degree of post-infarction ventricular remodeling, however, and no one factor or set of factors have been identified that predicts heart failure risk well. Sympathetic activation directly and indirectly modulates hypertrophic stimuli by altering both neurohormonal milieu and ventricular loading. In a recent study, we developed a method to identify the balance of reflex compensatory mechanisms employed by individual animals following MI based on measured hemodynamics. Here, we conducted prospective studies of acute myocardial infarction in rats to test the degree of variability in reflex compensation as well as whether responses to pharmacologic agents targeted at those reflex mechanisms could be anticipated in individual animals. We found that individual animals use very different mixtures of reflex compensation in response to experimental coronary ligation. Some of these mechanisms were related - animals that compensated strongly with venoconstriction tended to exhibit a decrease in the contractility of the surviving myocardium and those that increased contractility tended to exhibit venodilation. Furthermore, some compensatory mechanisms - such as venoconstriction - increased the extent of predicted ventricular enlargement. Unfortunately, initial reflex responses to infarction were a poor predictor of subsequent responses to pharmacologic agents, suggesting that customizing pharmacologic therapy to individuals based on an initial response will be challenging.
  • Authors

    Keywords

  • Baroreflex, Computational model, Hemodynamics, Hypertrophy, Individual variability, Myocardial infarction, Patient-specific, Reflex compensation, Animals, Heart Failure, Hemodynamics, Humans, Myocardial Infarction, Prospective Studies, Rats, Ventricular Remodeling
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Caggiano LR; Holmes JW; Witzenburg CM
  • Start Page

  • 156
  • End Page

  • 166
  • Volume

  • 163