Well known is the fact new hires of police agencies must complete a program of basic law enforcement training (BLET) before they can become sworn officers and this training usually occurs at police academies. Less well known is these academies can be grouped into two types: law enforcement agency academies (LEAAs) and academic institution academies (AIAs). Using national-level police academy data (N = 591), this study compared the two groups on (1) characteristics of the academies (e.g., size and scope) (2) characteristics of BLET instructors, and (3) features of BLET (e.g., influences on curriculum development). Our results showed significant proportional or mean differences existed between the groups in ∼62% of comparisons made. Implications of these results for understanding and reforming BLET around guardian-type principles are discussed and suggestions made for further research.