Low albumin levels are independently associated with neonatal acute kidney injury: a report from AWAKEN Study Group

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: Data from adult and pediatric literature have shown an association between albumin levels and AKI. Whether hypoalbuminemia and neonatal AKI are associated has not been studied. Methods: We evaluated the association of albumin with early (during the first postnatal week) and late (after the first postnatal week) AKI for 531 neonates from the Assessment of Worldwide AKI Epidemiology in Neonates (AWAKEN) database and for 3 gestational age (GA) subgroups: < 29, 29 to < 36, and ≥ 36 weeks GA. Results: Low albumin levels were associated with increased odds of neonatal AKI; for every 0.1 g/dL decrease in albumin, the odds of late AKI increased by 12% on continuous analysis. After adjustment for potential confounders, neonates with albumin values in the lowest quartiles (< 2.2 g/dL) had an increased odds of early [Adjusted Odd Ratio (AdjOR) 2.5, 95% CI = 1.1–5.3, p < 0.03] and late AKI [AdjOR 13.4, 95% CI = 3.6–49.9, p < 0.0001] compared to those with albumin in the highest quartile (> 3.1 g/dL). This held true for albumin levels 2.3 to 2.6 g/dL for early [AdjOR 2.5, 95% CI = 1.2–5.5, p < 0.02] and late AKI [AdjOR 6.4, 95% CI = 1.9–21.6, p < 0.01]. Albumin quartiles of (2.7 to 3.0 g/dL) were associated with increased odds of late AKI. Albumin levels of 2.6 g/dL and 2.4 g/dL best predicted early (AUC = 0.59) and late AKI (AUC = 0.64), respectively. Analysis of albumin association with AKI by GA is described. Conclusions: Low albumin levels are independently associated with early and late neonatal AKI. Albumin could be a potential modifiable risk factor for neonatal AKI.
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    Author List

  • Nada A; Askenazi D; Kupferman JC; Mhanna M; Mahan JD; Boohaker L; Li L; Griffin RL; Selewski DT; Ambalavanan N
  • Start Page

  • 1675
  • End Page

  • 1686
  • Volume

  • 37
  • Issue

  • 7