Denosumab did not improve computerized tomography erosion scores when added to intensive urate-lowering therapy in gout: Results from a pilot randomized controlled trial

Academic Article


  • Background/Purpose: Disordered osteoclast activity has been implicated in the pathogenesis of gouty bone erosion. We sought to determine if the addition of denosumab (a monoclonal antibody targeting the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand - RANKL) to intensive urate-lowering therapy (ULT) improves gouty bone erosion. Methods: Open-label, parallel-group pilot randomized controlled trial in which 20 participants with gout with at least one confirmed conventional radiographic foot bone erosion were assigned in a 1:1 allocation to receive denosumab (60 mg subcutaneous every 6 months) added to intensive ULT (serum urate ≤5 mg/dL or 300 µmol/L at the time of randomization and continued for the duration of the study), or intensive ULT alone. The primary outcome was the change in the bilateral foot and ankle computed tomography (CT) bone erosion score from baseline to 12 months, assessed by an experienced musculoskeletal radiologist blinded to study assignment. Secondary outcomes included change in serum C-terminal telopeptide (CTX), and patient reported outcomes of pain and function. Results: Although serum CTX declined markedly in the denosumab/ULT group compared with the ULT alone group, there was no interval change in CT erosion score in either the denosumab/ULT or ULT alone group after one year of follow-up. Other secondary outcomes did not differ between groups. There were two severe adverse events: One patient developed atrial fibrillation (on denosumab/ULT) and another atrial flutter (on ULT alone). Conclusions: In this pilot study, denosumab did not offer additional benefit to intensive urate lowering therapy for gouty bone erosion.
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    Author List

  • Gaffo AL; Saag K; Doyle AJ; Melnick J; Horne A; Foster J; Mudano A; Biggers-Clark S; Redden D; Dalbeth N
  • Start Page

  • 1218
  • End Page

  • 1223
  • Volume

  • 51
  • Issue

  • 6