Characteristics and outcomes associated with two asthma quality of care measures

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective: We investigated asthma quality measures to understand patient characteristics associated with non-attainment of quality care and measure the association with asthma-related emergency department (ED) visits or inpatient hospitalizations (IPs). Methods: Using administrative data from ALL Kids, Alabama’s Children’s Health Insurance Program, from 2013 to 2019 we calculated non-attainment of the Medication Management for Asthma (MMA) and Asthma Medication Ratio (AMR) quality measures. Patient characteristics and asthma-related ED visits and IPs associated with non-attainment of the MMA and AMR measures were assessed using logit regression models and Marginal effects at the mean. Results: Among 2528 children with asthma, 53.2% failed to attain the MMA measure and 8.5% the AMR measure. Prior asthma-related ED visits or IP stays increased likelihood of non-attainment by 14.8 percentage points (95% CI 8.6–20.9) for MMA and 7.3 percentage points (95% CI 2.8–11.8) for AMR. Among 868 children (34.3%) with three years of continuous enrollment, AMR non-attainment was associated with a 6.1 percentage point increase in ED or IP utilization (95% CI 1.3–10.9), however MMA non-attainment was not associated with either outcome. Prior ED visit/IP stay was associated with a 17.2 percentage point (95% CI 8.3–26.1) increase in the likelihood of a subsequent ED visit/IP stay among those with non-attainment MMA and a 15.5 percentage point increase (95% CI 6.9–24.2) for non-attainment AMR. Conclusions: Patient characteristics associated with non-attainment of asthma quality measures presents actionable evidence to guide improvement efforts as non-attainment AMR increases the risk of subsequent ED visits and IP stays.
  • Published In

  • Journal of Asthma  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Blackburn J; Sharma P; Liu Y; Morrisey MA; Menachemi N; Sen B; Sanders T; Becker DJ
  • Start Page

  • 2283
  • End Page

  • 2291
  • Volume

  • 59
  • Issue

  • 11