Modeling Patient Risk for Hospital-Acquired Pressure Injuries during COVID-19: A Retrospective Study

Academic Article


  • Background: COVID-19 negatively impacts many organ systems including the skin. One of the most significant skin-associated adverse events related to hospitalization are pressure injuries. Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine 8 risk factors that would place hospitalized patients at a higher risk for hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A retrospective, descriptive analysis was conducted in an urban academic health science center located in the southeastern United States. Results: There were 247 of 23 093 patients who had pressure injuries and 1053 patients who had a positive COVID-19 diagnosis. Based on the generalized estimating equation model, diagnosis of COVID-19, age, male gender, risk of mortality, severity of illness, and length of stay are statistically significant factors associated with the development of HAPIs. Conclusions: Further study should explore pathology of COVID-19 skin changes and what interventions are effective against HAPIs in the COVID-19 population taking into consideration current treatments.
  • Authors

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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Montgomery AP; Patrician PA; Hall A; Miltner RS; Enogela EM; Polancich S
  • Start Page

  • 162
  • End Page

  • 167
  • Volume

  • 37
  • Issue

  • 2