Novel quinolone derivatives targeting human dihydroorotate dehydrogenase suppress Ebola virus infection in vitro

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Ebola virus (EBOV) has emerged as a significant public health concern since the 2013–2016 outbreak in West Africa. Currently, no effective antiviral treatments have been approved for clinical use. Compound 1 RYL-634 is a quinolone-derived compound that can inhibit dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, a rate-limiting enzyme in the de novo pyrimidine synthesis pathway and it exhibited antiviral activity against multiple RNA virus infection. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of a panel of newly developed compounds based on RYL-634 against EBOV infection. Our data showed that RYL-634 as well as its derivatives are effective against EBOV transcription- and replication-competent virus-like particle (trVLP) infection and authentic EBOV infection in vitro at low nanomolar IC50 values and relatively high CC50. Of note, the new derivative RYL-687 had the lowest IC50 at approximately 7 nM and was almost 6 times more potent than remdesivir (GS-5734). Exogenous addition of different metabolites in the pyrimidine de novo synthesis pathway confirmed DHODH as the target of RYL-687. These data provide evidence that such quinolone-derived compounds are promising therapeutic candidates against EBOV infection.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Antiviral Research  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Gong M; Yang Y; Huang Y; Gan T; Wu Y; Gao H; Li Q; Nie J; Huang W; Wang Y
  • Volume

  • 194