17,20s(Oh)2pd can prevent the development of skin fibrosis in the bleomycin-induced scleroderma mouse model

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) is a chronic fibrotic disease involving TGF-β1. Low serum vitamin D (vit D) correlates with the degree of fibrosis and expression of TGF-β1. This study was designed to determine whether the noncalcemic vit D analog, 17,20S(OH)2pD, suppresses fibrosis and mediators of the TGF-β1 pathway in the bleomycin (BLM) model of fibrosis. Fibrosis was induced into the skin of female C57BL/6 mice by repeated injections of BLM (50 µg/100 µL) subcutaneously. Mice received daily oral gavage with either vehicle (propylene glycol) or 17,20S(OH)2pD using 5, 15, or 30 µg/kg for 21 days. The injected skin was biopsied; analyzed histologically; examined for total collagen by Sircol; and examined for mRNA expression of MMP-13, BMP-7, MCP-1, Gli1, and Gli2 by TR-PCR. Spleen was analyzed for lymphocytes using flow cytometry. Serum was analyzed for cytokines using a multiplexed ELISA. Results showed that all three doses of 17,20S(OH)2pD suppressed net total collagen production, dermal thickness, and total collagen content in the BLM fibrosis model. 17,20S(OH)2pD also increased MMP-13 expression, decreased MCP-1 and Gli-2 expression in vivo, and suppressed serum levels of IL-13, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, and IL-12p70. In summary, 17,20S(OH)2pD modulates the mediators of fibrosis in vivo and suppresses total collagen production and dermal thickness. This antifibrotic property of 17,20S(OH)2pD offers new therapeutic approaches for fibrotic disorders.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Brown Lobbins ML; Scott ISO; Slominski AT; Hasty KA; Zhang S; Miller DD; Li W; Kim TK; Janjetovic Z; Patel TS
  • Volume

  • 22
  • Issue

  • 16