The CREBRF diabetes-protective rs373863828-A allele is associated with enhanced early insulin release in men of Māori and Pacific ancestry

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Aims/hypothesis: The minor A allele of rs373863828 (CREBRF p.Arg457Gln) is associated with increased BMI, but reduced risk of type 2 and gestational diabetes in Polynesian (Pacific peoples and Aotearoa New Zealand Māori) populations. This study investigates the effect of the A allele on insulin release and sensitivity in overweight/obese men without diabetes. Methods: A mixed meal tolerance test was completed by 172 men (56 with the A allele) of Māori or Pacific ancestry, and 44 (24 with the A allele) had a frequently sampled IVGTT and hyperinsulinaemic–euglycaemic clamp. Mixed linear models with covariates age, ancestry and BMI were used to analyse the association between the A allele of rs373863828 and markers of insulin release and blood glucose regulation. Results: The A allele of rs373863828 is associated with a greater increase in plasma insulin 30 min following a meal challenge without affecting the elevation in plasma glucose or incretins glucagon-like polypeptide-1 or gastric inhibitory polypeptide. Consistent with this point, following an i.v. infusion of a glucose bolus, participants with an A allele had higher early (p < 0.05 at 2 and 4 min) plasma insulin and C-peptide concentrations for a similar elevation in blood glucose as those homozygous for the major (G) allele. Despite increased plasma insulin, rs373863828 genotype was not associated with a significant difference (p > 0.05) in insulin sensitivity index or glucose disposal during hyperinsulinaemic–euglycaemic clamp. Conclusions/interpretation: rs373863828-A allele associates with increased glucose-stimulated insulin release without affecting insulin sensitivity, suggesting that CREBRF p.Arg457Gln may increase insulin release to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Diabetologia  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Burden HJ; Adams S; Kulatea B; Wright-McNaughton M; Sword D; Ormsbee JJ; Watene-O’Sullivan C; Merriman TR; Knopp JL; Chase JG
  • Start Page

  • 2779
  • End Page

  • 2789
  • Volume

  • 64
  • Issue

  • 12