Nuclear Protein Condensates and Their Properties in Regulation of Gene Expression

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Our understanding of the spatiotemporal regulation of eukaryotic gene expression has recently been greatly stimulated by the findings that many of the regulators of chromatin, transcription, and RNA processing form biomolecular condensates often assembled through liquid-liquid phase separation. Increasing number of reports suggest that these condensates functionally regulate gene expression, largely by concentrating the relevant biomolecules in the liquid-like micro-compartments. However, it remains poorly understood how the physicochemical properties, especially the material properties, of the condensates regulate gene expression activity. In this review, we discuss current data on various nuclear condensates and their biophysical properties with the underlying molecular interactions, and how they may functionally impact gene expression at the level of chromatin organization and activities, transcription, and RNA processing.
  • Authors

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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Li W; Jiang H
  • Volume

  • 434
  • Issue

  • 1