Traumatic Brain injury: A comparison of inpatient functional outcomes between children and adults

Academic Article


  • Objectives: To examine age-related differences in functional outcomes following traumatic brain injury. Participants and procedure: Seventy-six patients admitted to a pediatric acute rehabilitation hospital were compared with 2548 adult patients in the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-funded traumatic brain injury model systems national database. Main outcome measures: Functional Independence Measure totals during inpatient rehabilitation. Results: Increasing age was significantly associated with improved outcome in children and with poorer outcome in adults. Conclusion: The relationship between age and functional outcome is different within different age groups (pediatric vs adult), and the effect of moderating variables differs by age group. Copyright © 2008 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 3933710
  • Author List

  • Niedzwecki CM; Marwitz JH; Ketchum JM; Cifu DX; Dillard CM; Monasterio EA
  • Start Page

  • 209
  • End Page

  • 219
  • Volume

  • 23
  • Issue

  • 4