Neuropsychological impairments after spinal cord injury: A comparative study with mild traumatic brain injury

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective: To determine if individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) perform differently on neuropsychological measures than individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) having no loss of consciousness. Design and Participants: Data were collected prospectively on 33 matched pairs of individuals with SCI or MTBI. Independent t tests were performed to identify differences between the SCI and MTBI groups. Results: Although those with SCI generally outperformed individuals with MTBI, no meaningful between-groups differences were noted on 5 of the 10 neuropsychological tests administered. Greater than 40% of the SCI patients were identified as having impairments in processing speed, motor speed, and verbal learning. Conclusions: Treatment planning after SCI should include procedures to identify cognitive deficits that may complicate adjustment to disability and delay acquisition of new skills.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Hess DW; Marwitz JH; Kreutzer JS
  • Start Page

  • 151
  • End Page

  • 156
  • Volume

  • 48
  • Issue

  • 3