Association analysis of the interleukin 17A gene in Caucasian rheumatoid arthritis patients from Norway and New Zealand

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective. Elevated levels of IL-17A have been detected in the inflamed synovium of RA patients, and murine arthritis models deficient in IL17A have shown reduced inflammation. Our aim was to investigate IL17A as a candidate gene for RA, and to assess correlations between risk variants and disease phenotypes. Methods. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected to tag the genetic variability of the IL17A region and were genotyped by TaqMan technology on 950 RA cases and 933 random controls from Norway. Associations to progression of radiographic damage and presence of autoantibodies were examined in a 10-yr follow-up cohort of early RA. In addition, 580 RA patients and 504 controls from New Zealand were used as a replication data set. Results. A weak association between RA and the promoter SNP rs2275913 [odds ratio (OR) = 1.17; 95% CI 1.02, 1.34; P = 0.02] was found in the Norwegian population. The association was also evident at the genotype level where it indicated a recessive model. The allelic association was not replicated in the RA cohort from New Zealand (OR = 0.96; 95% CI 0.81, 1.16; P = 0.69). However, combined analysis suggested a weak recessive association (OR = 1.19; 95% CI 1.02, 1.37; P = 0.02). No significant associations were observed with radiographic progression, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide or IgM-RF. Conclusions. Modest evidence of an association with IL17A in Norwegian RA patients was observed. Although, our findings were not replicated in an independent RA material from New Zealand, a significant common risk estimate indicated that IL17A warrants further investigation in RA. © The Author 2009. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Rheumatology  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Nordang GBN; Viken MK; Hollis-moffatt JE; Merriman TR; Førre ØT; Helgetveit K; Kvien TK; Lie BA
  • Start Page

  • 367
  • End Page

  • 370
  • Volume

  • 48
  • Issue

  • 4